Transcultural or Transracial Adoption refers to the placement of child from one culture or ethnic group with adoptive parents of a differing culture or ethnic group. In reality, these terms typically refer to the placement of children of color with Caucasian adoptive parents. Before considering or entering into a transracial or trans-cultural adoption, there are a few things you may wish to consider.
There have been a number of studies done on how transracial adoption affects the adopted person, but few large scale studies. The results are mixed. Some studies seem to show no difference in self-esteem or other measures between kids who are adopted trans-racially versus those who are adopted within their ethnic background. Other studies seem to show that self-esteem is an issue for these kids, and that they will struggle with their racial identity later in life too.
In considering a trans-cultural or trans racial adoption, here are some points to consider:
While not for everyone, trans-racial and trans-cultural can result in sound, happy families. However, it is important to enter the process with open eyes and to be aware of the issues and concerns. Ask questions, be honest with yourself and enjoy your beautiful family.